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The age-old idea was that the offender should be confined to the prison and kept away from the community as long as possible. But, in course of time, it has been realized that the protection of society is better ensured if the offender is corrected and reformed through individualized treatments.

However, it has been perceived that all human beings do not respond in the same manner to a given stimuli. Two individuals may commit the same crime but each act differs from the other in its social, economic, psychological and environmental ramification. This basic understanding has led to the innovation of a number of treatment method for offenders.

Prison or correctional institutions are no longer regarded as custodial institution only but also as treatment and training centres for those who fall foul with laws. But, in due course it was realized that prisons do not serve the purpose of training and rehabilitation of all categories of offenders. Therefore, in course of time, various non-institutional methods of treatment for offenders have been introduced eg: probation, parole, premature release etc. There are all community based non institutional treatment methods.

Thus, Probation is a non-institutional treatment method designed to facilitate the social re-adjustment of offenders. It developed as an alternative to imprisonment. Probation is a method of dealing with specially selected offenders and consists of the conditional suspension of punishment while the offender is placed under the personal supervision of the probation officer and is given individualized treatment.

The length of the probation varies and is determined by the Court. Moreover, probation is the application of modern scientific casework to individuals, outside institution with the authority of the law behind it. It calls for the careful study of the individual and intensive supervision by the competent, trained probation officers.

The object of probation is the ultimate re-establishment of the offenders in the community. The law helps him to help himself to erase the stigma of conviction and gives him the guidance of the probation officer.

The supervisory function of a Probation Officer are protecting the community and helping individual under care. The probation officer helps the probationer to become law-abiding and stable. During the probation period, the probation officer maintains contact with the offender to ensure compliance with the rules and regulations and also provides various types of assistance to him.

After Care Services

Assistance to After Care Programmes

Social Rehabilitation of ex-convicts and offenders placed under supervision of poor economic condition is a grave social problem.  This scheme is to provide some financial assistance to them for starting some Industry, Craft or Small Trade so as to enable them to earn a livelihood.

The After Care Programme intended to rehabilitate released prisoners and probationers coming under the supervision of District Probation Officers.  By utilizing this amount they shall be engaged in small scale income generating activities.  The amount of assistance is Rs.10,000/- per head.  If the amount is insufficient for meeting the expenses this can be attached with some bank loan. The beneficiaries will be selected by the ‘After Care Association” organized for the welfare of Ex-convicts.  The application form will be available from the District Probation Officer.

Victim Rehabilitation Fund

The scheme is intended to rehabilitate the victims of serious crimes. The scheme actually implemented in the year 2001-02 as per G.O (MS) No.33/2001/SWD Dated : TVM 24-12-01.

This is intended to help the victims of serious crimes.  In this scheme compensation shall be given to the victims for:
1.    Treatment
2.    Housing
3.    Destruction of Crops
4.    Education
5.    Income generating activities and
6.    Rape victims

The maximum amount of compensation will be Rs. 10,000/-.  Applications will be invited through advertisement in news papers.  The application forms shall be available from the District Probation Offices.

The details of the scheme during the last years is furnished below:

Year No. of  Beneficiaries

Amount Released

2008-09 9

Rs. 74,883/-

2009-10 10 Rs. 81,000/-


Scheme for the Rehabilitation of Families of Indigent Convicts

The objective of the scheme is to give financial assistance to the families of indigent convicts to start any income generating activities for their rehabilitation.  The scheme was implemented during the financial year 2002-03.  This is a bank loan linked scheme in which the governmental subsidy shall be 30% of the total project proposal approved by a bank.

The details of the scheme during the last years is furnished below:

Year No. of Benefeciaries Amount Released
2002-03 108 Rs. 10,56,400/-
2003-04 128 Rs. 11,27,000/-
2004-05 132 Rs. 12,93,500/-
2005-06 78 Rs. 7,21,000/-
2008-09 192 Rs. 19,20,000/-
2009-10 241 Rs. 10,000/

Policies / Acts / Rules

Probation of Offenders Act, 1958

Financial Assistance to Ex-Convicts, Probationers, Ex-Pupils and Ex-Inmates Rules