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Children are one of the most beautiful creatures on earth – they are full of joy, energy and curiosity. They constantly explore everything around them and in the process learn many things. The process of exploration and learning in early childhood is crucial to the child’s development. Research studies show that 50% of the total intellectual development of a child is completed by the time he is four years old. Obviously, much care must be provided to the child during its first few years. It is the responsibility of the parents and the society to provide an enriching environment for children, so as to ensure proper development of their innate talents and skills to the maximum possible extent.

Pre-school years are central from the point of view of child development. In early childhood, development is rapid and environment creates a deep impact on individual when his development is at its fastest. Similarly, the consequences of deprivation are also much greater in the first five years than that could be, if they happened in later years. Pre-school years are crucial for developing proper values and attitudes in children. The foundation of scientific attitudes and proper values such as hard work, national sentiments etc could be developed in children better, if a beginning in this direction is made in early childhood. The nutrition given in pre-school is also a major factor that determines the development of children. Malnutrition in early childhood can cause lasting and irreparable damage to the child’s physical, motor and intellectual development.

Child Related Schemes / Programmes


* Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS)
* Integrated Child Protection Services (ICPS)
* Child Line Services
* Missing Child Search and Child Protection Home Link Network
* An Integrated Scheme for Street Children
* Scheme for Welfare of Children in Need of Care and Protection
* Scheme of Assistance to Homes (SISUGREH) for Children to Promote In-Country Adoption
* Ujjawala 


* State Plan of Action (SPAC)
* Cancer Suraksha Scheme
* Nutrition Supplement to HIV Affected Women and Children
* Implementation of  Child Marriage Prohibition Act, 2006
* Adoption
* Sanadha Balyam
* Educational Assistance to Children of Women Headed Families

* Educational Assistance to Children of Prisoners
* Higher Studies of Sponsorship programmes for Children's of Juvenile Justice Institution


Scheme for Welfare of Working Children in Need of Care and Protection


Grant-in-aid to Orphanages

CHILD RELATED  - Policies / Acts / Rules


* National Child Award for Exceptional Achievement
* National Awards for Child Welfare
* Rajiv Gandhi Manav Seva Award
* Award for Bravery 

Juvenile Justice

Every child needs nurturing, education and exercise. These needs don’t end when children come in contact with the law. For the vast majority of children and young people, however, their well being and even their lives are jeopardized if they are so much as suspected of a crime. No delinquent has a gene or a set of genes, which produce in him/her a tendency to indulge in anti-social behaviour. Read More.....

Juvenile Justice Institutions

Juvenile Justice Boards: As per section 4 of  Juvenile Justice (Care and protection of Children) Act,  2000 . Juvenile Justice Boards are constituted in all districts and it is headed by the Principal Magistrate (Chief Judicial Magistrate) and two social workers as members.

Constitution of Juvenile Justice Board - Related Government Order

Child Welfare Committees:  Constituted under section 29 of  Juvenile Justice (Care and protection of Children) Act,  2000 for exercising the powers and discharging the duties conferred in relation to child in need of care and protection under the said Act. Committee is headed by a Chairman and four members, who are social workers are appointed by the Government for a period of 3 years.

Constitution of Child Welfare Committee (Idukki, Thrissur, Palakkad, Malappuram, Kozhikode, Kannue & Kazarkode) - Related Government Order

Constitution of Child Welfare Committee - Related Government Order

Selection Committee: Headed by a Judge (retd) High Court of Kerala for exercising the powers and discharging the duties conferred on such committee under the Juvenile Justice (Care and protection of Children) Act,  2000 (Central Act 56 of 2000) and the Juvenile Justice (Care and protection of Children) Rules, 2007. The Committee selects the Social Worker member of the Juvenile Hustice Board and Child Welfare Committee.

Constitution of Selection Committee - Related Government Order


Adoption has always been considered a wonderful opportunity to provide the child with home and the parents a child.  It offers an excellent alternative to institutional care for an abandoned, destitute or neglected child in an atmosphere of happiness, love and understanding which only a family can provide.  In the early days, the practice of adoption was shrouded in secrecy, which was restricted in the traditional family. The tradition at that time was that, childless couples adopt a child with a view to ensure the continuity of tradition and to avoid alienation of property.  The cases of adopted child being changed as a biological child by means of various subterfuge was also significant in those days. Read More.....


CHILDLINE is a national emergency toll free phone out reach service for the children in need of care and protection operates on the 1098 number, and is supported by the Ministry of Women and Child development (WMCD), Government of India and works in partnership with state governments, NGOs, Bilateral/Multilateral Agencies and Corporate Sector. CHILDLINE India Foundation (CIF) has been appointed as the Mother NGO for setting up, managing and monitoring the CHILDLINE 1098 service all over the country. CHILDLINE 1098 service is cited by the Government of India as India’s response to commitments under the Child Rights Convention of the United Nations to which India is a signatory. Read More....